第十一届中国国际园林博览会乌鲁木齐园是Lab D+H设计建成的首个展园类公共项目。随着近年来各类园博园的连续举办，各城市展园仿佛进入了定型化的时期，微缩、复制、仿古成为了园博园景观设计的主流手法。Lab D+H在如此背景下，带着反思的视角参加了乌鲁木齐园的设计竞赛并获得了第一名。经过将近半年紧锣密鼓的施工，展园现已完工并跟随第十一届园博园的开幕开始迎接游客。
The Urumqi Garden of the 11th China International Horticultural Expo was Lab D+H’s first built garden expo project. With the sudden boom of the garden expo in China recently, local gardens that represent individual cities tend to be stereotyped to miniature landscapes or traditional gardens of local landscapes. Keeping this in mind, Lab D+H participated in the competition at Urumqi Garden with a reflection perspective and won the 1st place. The garden was finished and opened to the public after a tight construction schedule.
The design strategy aimed to bring back the core value of horticultural expo. We achieved this by implementing fundamental landscape approaches such as space making and planting design. Simultaneously, we also tried to express local identity in a new and unique way. We designed a music-themed tour route which was inspired by the traditional Urumqi stringed instrument– rawap. The route was made up of a meandering “string” path, creating a rich spatial experience of rising and descending drama clubbed with both open and closed spaces. The entire route was based on the Urumqi maqam rhythm. The climax of the “string” path was a circular pavilion with a perforated brick pattern skin, that representing the core part– the sound hole of a rawap.
▼贯穿乌鲁木齐园的琴弦园路，the “string” path that goes through the landscape
▼琴弦园路的抬升与下沉、围合与开敞带来了丰富的空间感受，creating a rich spatial experience of rising and descending drama clubbed with both open and closed spaces
We carefully selected local plants that resembled Urumqi’s plant species to represent Urumqi’s natural and cultural landscape, this included recreating rose field, desert land, grape trellis and green oasis. Planted with Tamarisk, Angustifolia and other drought tolerated species, the small sand field -which was also a rain garden- recalled people’s memory on the Gobi landscape of Urumqi.
▼采用既能代表新疆又能在郑州生长的植物，carefully selected local plants that resembled Urumqi’s plant species to represent Urumqi’s natural and cultural landscape
设计师和工匠们共同精心打磨的新疆园特色展馆建筑，是一个以拥抱公共空间为理念，半开放式的现代景观建筑。 建筑空间和每个细节元素的组合，都在体现传统新疆建筑特色的同时，使得建筑更充满现代感，整体园区景观更能和谐统一。 整个建筑的空间行进体验是一种户外景观拓展的表达，采用一条旋转坡道，将室外的“琴弦”园路延伸带入室内，绕梁而上，模糊了室内外分界； 人们在坡道上的各个角度都可以观看到建筑供人聚集和互动的中心舞台空间。
The Garden Pavilion is a semi-open and modern landscape building. The design expresses the concept that the architecture embraces the public space. The combination of the architectural space and each detail element reflects both of the modern architecture style and traditional architectural features of Urumqi. The entire circulation experience of the pavilion is an expression of the outdoor landscape expansion. For example, the rotating ramp brings the outdoor “string” garden into the interior area which blurs the boundary between inside and outside space. The modern corridor and the hidden pillar structures give more possibilities to the overhangs and opening of this brick pavilion.
▼以拥抱公共空间为理念，半开放式的现代景观建筑，the design expresses the concept that the architecture embraces the public space
▼用一条旋转坡道将室外“琴弦”园路延伸带入室内，the rotating ramp brings the outdoor “string” garden into the interior area
Following the ramp, visitors will be able to see the central stage from different angles, where people usually gather and interact. Furthermore, the roof and facade of the building are inspired from the Urumqi residential type called “Ayiwang” and the brick form. Those traditional archetypes and the choice of simple materials make people feel the ever-changing architectural light and shadow. At the same time, it helps to touch their memories of the beautiful Urumqi, enjoying the beauty of the pavilion.
▼建筑与新月倒影池的倒影，architecture and reflection
▼游人与景观的互动，tourists and the architecture
▼围墙细节，detail of the wall